Theory and Definition of Structural/Materialist Film
Peter Gidal

Structural/Materialist film attempts to be non-illusionist. The process of the
film’s making deals with devices that result in demystification or attempted
demystification of the film process.

Consequently a continual attempt to destroy the illusion is necessary. In Structural/Materialist film, the in/film (not in/frame) and film/viewer material relations, and the relations of the film’s structure, are primary to any representational content. (1)

In fact, the real content is the form, form become content. Form is meant as formal operation, not as composition. Also, form must be distinguished from style, otherwise it serves merely in its reactionary sense to mean formalism. such as: this formal usage (e.g. Welles) versus that (e.g. Sternberg). (2)





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